One of the worst things that one can experience in the garden is when beloved plants succumb to the disease.
Will this spread? How did this occur?
Are other plants going to die? How can I get rid of this?
These are some of the questions that people ask themselves and the real answer to all is that disease can only occur when all of these come together. You need a plant that can get sick, a pathogen that can attack it, and bad environmental conditions.
If one of these three things is not present, the disease will not be on the cards. Rather than waiting for the disease to crop up, there are things to do to eliminate and keep disease on the offense.
Let’s look at five different ways of keeping garden flower plants and the whole ecosystem healthy.
1. Examine the Plants before Buying
In order to limit disease, one will have to avoid introducing it. New plants with diseases are not an ideal bonus. It is difficult, however, you need to learn what healthy plants look like so that when you buy them you can know if they are sick or not.
One of the best ways of doing this is to collect magazines, books, and catalogs that showcase healthy specimens. Ideally, you will want one with pictures that you can observe. As a rule of thumb, don’t take home any plants that contain rotted stands, dead spots, or insects — even plants that need a lot of water. These are usually tell-tale signs of unhealthy plants and once they’ve established themselves in your garden, they will be very difficult to get rid of.
In addition to the aforementioned points, look at the tops and bottoms of plants to inspect the route quality. A good practice is to place your hand on the surface of the soil, grasping the plant stem between fingers.
Invert your pot slightly and shake everything so that the plant becomes loose. You may have to give your pot a tap in order to loosen any roots. You will want to feel firm and usually white roots that have spaced out all over the root ball. Anything that is dark and broken down is not a good sign.
2. Fully Composted Yard Material is your Friend
Many materials that are deposited in your compost decompose at different rates. You may find that some of the material has degraded and some hasn’t, leaving only partial amounts to be sufficient for the garden.
A thorough compost needs high temperatures for extended time periods in order to kill any pathogens in your material. Any healthy weed plants that are infected and have not been in heat will most likely reintroduce a disease into your garden.
If you’re not 100% sure about your compost conditions, avoid using waste from your yard, and purchase fully composted yard material that has been treated.
3. Look out for Bugs
The damage that insects can do as much more than what appears on the surface bacteria and viruses only enter plants free some sort of opening and bugs create these. Moreover, insects can actually transport viruses and spread them between plants.
Attacks from insects are yet another way to put ordinary plants under massive stress, so do keep an eye out for bugs and use leaf blowers to send them on their way.
4. Cleaning Up in the Autumn Period
When it comes to autumn time, it is always best practice to clean all of the gardens. This applies even if one lives in a moderate climate. By doing this, one can effectively deter disease and control any diseases that have already been established in your garden.
Many diseases can, in fact, overwinter on debris and dead leaves, attacking any new plants as they emerge during the spring. Examples of diseases that can do this include daylily leaf streak, Iris leaf spot and black rose spot diseases — all of these can be virtually wiped out if dead leaves are cleared away every autumn. Make sure that you also remove any foliage and leafing stems before any new growth occurs in the spring.
5. Applying the Correct Kind of Fertilizer
When you’re fertilizing your plants, make sure that you take care because these chemicals can actually burn rates and reduce their capacity to absorb water from the soil. Route form can have a negative impact on plants which makes them less resistant to the cold, heat, and drought.
Plants of damage rates are also staff and nutrients and can further wane their ability to fight off disease. Overabundances of particular types of nutrients are ways of putting stress on plants and damaging root systems.
We would advise purchasing a soil testing kit that can provide accurate data on the levels of nutrients in your soil. You won’t want to leave anything as guesswork in your garden.
Healthy Plants for a Healthy Garden
Now that you’ve read our guide, will know all about how to grow healthy plants and keep your garden looking healthy throughout your year.
Instead of starting plants indoors, you can keep them in the healthy garden outside, all year round. Remember, the disease is a killer and so do your best to rid your garden of it.
Do you know how healthy plants for the home should look? Tell us in our comments section below.