The primary reason for fencing off a garden is to keep critters out. People who live on the edge of the woods or in a rural area can benefit from the installation of a garden fence.
Materials Needed for Fencing
The thickness of metal fencing is determined by its “gauge”. The higher the gauge, the thinner the wires will be. When blocking out large creatures like bears, low gauge fencing is recommended. Plastic (nylon) fencing is also available but is designed for less intensive tasks.
- Chain Link: Chain link fencing material is made of steel and is very strong. It can be bought in rolls or in prefabricated sections. Its height ranges from 4 to 6 feet.
- Chicken Wire: This type of fencing can be used for a lot more than restricting chickens. It can also be used to restrict small animals like dogs and rabbits. It is lightweight, easy to handle and cost-effective.
- Welded Wire: Welded wire fences are very tough and can keep even the largest animals out. When coupled with sturdy wooden posts, very few animals can bypass the fence. The heavy gauge wires are welded together for the greatest strength. This 14 gauge fencing comes in plain and vinyl coated varieties.
- Rabbit Guard: Rabbit guard fencing comes in many different varieties and makes for an excellent garden fence. This particular fencing has a thick grid at the bottom and a thinner grid at the top. Ground animals have a very difficult time getting through it. It comes in 16 gauge.
- Electric Fences: An electric fence can help keep determined animals from eating crops. These low profile fences are made of a long metal wire which is electrically charged. Animals receive a harmless yet substantial shock when touched, deterring them.
- Wireless Fences: These garden fences only work if you have a pet. The fence is made by setting down several electronic transmitters which create an invisible border around the garden. Your pet (presumably a dog) wears a special electric collar which shocks them if they cross the invisible barrier.
- Hex Netting: Made of galvanized wire, hex netting is a light duty fencing which is also cheap. The mesh sizes of 1 and 2 inches are ideal for keeping small animals out. The wire is 20 gauge.
Garden Fence Design Tips
- Use sturdy corner posts, preferably with square dimensions such as 3×3” or 4×4”. Set the posts at a 3-foot depth for the strongest fence.
- Use treated lumber to ensure resistance to rot and insects.
- If metal posts are desired, select ones with tabs in the sides. These tabs help secure the fencing to the posts. Always use galvanized wire to secure the fencing to the posts.